mind blowing facts about diamond 

1. The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that diamonds were tears cried by the gods or splinters from falling stars, and Romans believed that Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds (perhaps the earliest association between diamonds and romantic love).Diamonds are billions of years old—in some cases more than three billion years old.

2. Diamonds are made of a single element—they’re nearly 100% carbon. Under the immense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a unique way that results in diamonds’ beautiful and rare crystalline structure. 

3. The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas” which means invincible or indestructible. 

4. Ancient Hindus used diamonds in the eyes of devotional statues, and believed that a diamond could protect its wearer from danger. 

5. During the Middle Ages diamonds were thought to have healing properties able to cure ailments ranging from fatigue to mental illness. 

6. The largest diamond ever discovered was called the Cullinan diamond, and weighed in at an amazing 3106 carats, or 1.33 pounds. Discovered in 1905 in South Africa, the mine’s owner and the South African leaders gave the diamond to King Edward. The Cullinan was eventually cut into nine large diamonds and 100 smaller ones, and the three largest of these are on display in the Tower of London as part of the crown jewels.

7. The first known use of a diamond engagement ring took place in 1477, when Archduke Maxmillian of Austria gave Mary of Burgundy a gold ring featuring an M spelled out in diamonds.

8. The most mind-blowing diamond facts of all: Scientists have discovered a planet that they believe is composed mostly of carbon, and is one-third pure diamond! Discovered in 2004, the planet orbits a nearby star in the Milky Way, and is named “55 Cancri e” .Scientists also have discovered a star that is essentially a diamond of ten billion trillion trillion carats. They named the star Lucy after the Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds”.

9. Fewer than 20 percent of the diamonds mined worldwide are true gem-quality.

10. Diamonds are virtually fireproof. To burn a diamond, it must be heated to 1292 degrees Fahrenheit. (The typical house fire reaches a temperature of approximately 1100 degrees).

11. In their pure state, diamonds are colorless.

12. Blue and red are the rarest colored diamonds. Yellow and brown are the most common colored diamonds.

13. Russia produces the most diamonds by volume.

14.Botswana is first in value of diamonds produced.

15. Even though the U.S. produces almost no diamonds, America buys more than 40 percent of the world’s gem quality diamonds – making it the world’s largest diamond market.

18. 80% of the world’s diamonds are not suitable for jewelry.

17. A law in Thirteenth-century France decreed that only the King could wear diamonds.

18. Color grading ranges from D (colorless) to Z (heavily colored, usually yellow). Colorless (D, E and F) and near colorless (G, H, I and J) stones command the highest prices.

19. The beauty of a diamond comes from a combination of fire (rainbow flash from within) and brilliance (burst of sparkling light). Both are a direct result of the cut.

20. The revenue from diamonds is instrumental in the fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. 

21. There is only one diamond mine in the world where anyone can be a miner. That mine is at Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas. For a few dollars you can mine for a day and keep anything you find.

22. The value of a diamond is based upon its Carat weight, Clarity, Color and the quality of its Cut. Most diamonds are in a color range that runs from clear to yellow to brown. Those that are colorless receive the highest grade and are generally of highest value.

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